The Parallel Between Isaac and Jesus

 

God told Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac because their actions are pointing ahead to the person of Christ in a typology of the true sacrifice.  First of all, God says to Abraham to take his only son.  But, we know that 13 years earlier Ishmael had been born to Abraham. 

When Jesus was having a dialogue with the Jews, they accused him of being demon possessed.  Jesus said, John 8:56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad. (57) Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham? (58) Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.

Here Jesus claimed divinity by referencing the divine name "I AM", as stated in Exodus 3:14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.

Now, Jesus said that Abraham saw his day.  What did Jesus mean by this?  The answer is found in the following chart. 

Isaac In Genesis   Jesus In the Gospels The Parallel
Genesis 22:2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

Hebrews 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son,

John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

John 19:17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

 

Both the birth of Isaac and Jesus, there was a long interval between the promise and the fulfillment.

Genesis 17:17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?


Genesis 18:12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?
Luke 1:34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? The announcement of the births to Sarah and Mary both seemed incredible and impossible.

The servants of the Lord visited Abraham as they were on their way to Sodom, and they announced the birth of Isaac, Sarah laughed and said, "This thing cannot be. It is beyond belief."

And it was Mary who first raised a question about the virgin birth? When the angel made the announcement, she asked, "How can this be, seeing I know not a man?"
Genesis 17:19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him. Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
Isaac and Jesus were named before their births. Abraham and Sarah were told that they were going to have a son and that they were to name him Isaac.

And with the Lord Jesus, we find that He was named beforehand. The angel said to Joseph, thou shalt call his name Jesus: for he shall save his people from their sins".
Genesis 22:3 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.

Matthew 21:2 Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me.

Matthew 21:3 And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them.

Matthew 21:4 All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet.

Matthew 21:5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.

Matthew 21:6 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them, (7) And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon.

Mark 15:27 And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left.

Luke 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

Both Jesus and Isaac took a donkey to the place where they were to be sacrificed.

On both occasions two men were by their side.  The two servants with Isaac and the two thieves with Jesus.



Genesis 22:4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off.

Luke 24:13 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.

Luke 24:14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened.

Luke 24:15 And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.

Luke 24:16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.

Luke 24:17 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?

Luke 24:18 And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?

Luke 24:19 And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people:

Luke 24:20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.

Luke 24:21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.
The journey to the mount was a three day walk.

Jesus was in the tomb for three days.

For Abraham this three days journey must have weighed heavily on his mind.

For He knew that Isaac was to be sacrificed in three days.

To Abraham, Isaac was as good as dead.

Isaac was released from death on the third day.

Jesus was released from death on the third day as well.  Jesus had conquered death and Hell.



Genesis 22:6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together. John 19:17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: Both Jesus and Isaac carried wood on their back up a hill to the sacrifice


Genesis 22:8 And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together.

John 1:29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

Again it was God who will provide for Himself the lamb to be sacrificed.


Genesis 22:9 And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.

Luke 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

Again both Jesus and Isaac were fastened and placed on the wood to be sacrificed.
Genesis 22:13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.
 
John 19:2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe,
 
Here a ram was in the thicket of thorns, and a crown of thorns was placed on Jesus.
Genesis 22:17 That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;

John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:

Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.


The seed of Isaac will be multiplied through out the whole world.

Through the sacrifice of Jesus we can become the body of Christ. We become one with Him and He dwells within us.

Psalms 22:30 A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.
Genesis 22:19 So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba. Luke 23:46 And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.

Abraham went down to his two servants, His son Isaac is not mentioned. 

Genesis 24:1 And Abraham was old, and well stricken in age: and the LORD had blessed Abraham in all things.

Genesis 24:2 And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh:

Genesis 24:3 And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell:

Genesis 24:4 But thou shalt go unto my country, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac.

Ephesians 5:23 For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the saviour of the body.

Ephesians 5:24 Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in every thing.

Ephesians 5:25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it;

Ephesians 5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

Ephesians 5:32 This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

Revelation 21:2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Revelation 21:3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

Revelation 21:9 And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife.

Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.
 
Abraham sent his servant to get a wife for Isaac as mentioned in Genesis 24.

We find that Christians are the servant of God.  We are commanded to preach the Gospel to the unsaved which is the great commission spoken of in Matthew 28:16-20:

Matthew  28:16 Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them.
 
Matthew 28:17 And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted.

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
 
Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.


We the body of Christ are called the bride of Christ.  We are to preach the Gospel to all.  These new believers become the bride of Christ as well.

The Servants of God go forth and get the bride of Christ.

Genesis 24:10 And the servant took ten camels of the camels of his master, and departed; for all the goods of his master were in his hand: and he arose, and went to Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor.

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

1Corinthians 12:12 For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ.
Gifts were offered to the bride.  Jesus gives the gift of salvation to his bride.  Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
 

Genesis 24:16 And the damsel was very fair to look upon, a virgin, neither had any man known her: and she went down to the well, and filled her pitcher, and came up. 2Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.

The bride that was selected for Isaac was a beautiful virgin. The bride of Christ is also viewed as a chaste virgin of Jesus Christ.  
 

Genesis 21:2 For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.
Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
Both Isaac and Jesus' births occurred at God's appointed time and not before.

Genesis 21:2 states that at the set time which God had spoken to them of, Sarah gave birth to Isaac.

Regarding the birth of Jesus, we note that Paul says, "but when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law".
Genesis 21:3 And Abraham called the name of his son that was born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac.
Matthew 3:17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Both sons were a joy of their fathers. Isaac, meaning laughter.

The parallel reference to Jesus, we read of the Father who spoke out of heaven who said, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased"

Both sons were a joy in comparison to the sorrow felt by Abraham and the Lord with Ishmael and Israel.
Hebrews 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son, (18) Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called: (19) Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.
Hebrews 11:19 Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.

Philippians 2:8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Abraham believed the Lord would raise Isaac up again which was itself a foreshadow of the resurrection of Jesus Christ who was also obedient to the Father unto death.
Genesis 22:2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.
1Corinthians 15:3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
Isaac was to be offered up as a burnt offering before the Lord.

Jesus was offered up for the sins of the world
Genesis 22:9 And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.
Matthew 26:39 And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.

Both Isaac and Jesus were obedient to their father even unto death
Genesis 22:13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
God provided a substitute, a ram, in place of Isaac.

Jesus died in the place of all who believe and accept Him as their Saviour.
 

** Note all references are taken from the King James Version.